Sindh is one of the oldest civilizations in the world. Indus is home to many historical and archaeological sites and monuments. Their distinctive prestige and charm reflects the various periods that have combined, through history, to produce such a rich culture and heritages.
For the modern day visitor, these monuments and landmarks offer a superb opportunity to journey through this exceptional mosaic of culture and history that has left an indelible mark on every region of the country.
The importance of many of archaeological sites and monuments in Sindh has been recognized not only nationally but globally. UNESCO has listed two of Sindh’s archaeological sites on World Heritage List and these are: Moen-jo–Daro (or Mohen-jo-Daro) in District Larkano and Makli Nacropolis in District Thatto.
The best known of Sindh’s archaeological sites and monuments is Moen-jo-Daro (or Mohen-jo-Daro), which is an ancient Indus Valley Civilization city that flourished between 2600 and 1900 BC. It was one of the first few world and ancient Indian cities, existing at the same time as the civilizations of ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Crete. The archaeological ruins of the city are designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
There are indeed hundreds of discovered and countless number of undiscovered archeological sites in Sindh. Until recently Culture Department, Government of Sindh, had been custodian of only a few known archaeological sites and monuments. Soon after the assumption of charge of her portfolio, Sindh Minister of Culture, Ms. Sassui Palijo, had been approaching the Federal Government, particularly the Prime Minister of Pakistan, for transfer of all the archaeological sites, falling within the territorial limits of Sindh, but managed and controlled by Federal Department of Archaeology and Museums (DOAM). Her efforts bore fruit when in early 2010, 126 archaeological sites and monuments including few museums were transferred by Federal Government to Government of Sindh, Culture Department, under Prime Minister’s Directives. More recently, in April 2011, the remaining most important archaeological sites, monuments and museums were handed over to Culture Department as a consequence of abolition of “Concurrent List” from 1973 Constitution of Pakistan, in the aftermath of Constitution 18th Amendment. Hence, the scope and domain of the department has expanded requiring renaming of the department to cover its areas of responsibility.
In order to ensure proper up keep and preservation / conservation of these sites, Culture Department plans to involve the local communities by forming “Archaeological Conservation Committees” at Divisional Level in Sindh. A public advertisement has been published in leading national dailies on August 10, 2011, whereby all interested persons and professionals / experts have been requested to send their credentials so that such committees could be notified and made functional.